ERIC Number: ED050406
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-May-7
Reference Count: 0
Experimental-Ethological Studies of Social Reinforcement in Children.
Paris, Scott G.; Cairns, Robert B.
The effectiveness of positive and negative evaluative comments for children's learning was assessed in a two-choice discrimination task. Results indicate that negative comments after incorrect responses greatly facilitated learning while positive comments after correct responses had little effect. To explain the findings, a naturalistic analysis of the use of evaluative expressions in the classroom is advanced. It reveals that positive evaluations were used frequently, indiscriminately and often independently of the children's behavior. A distinctive feature of the work is its emphasis upon gains to be made from an integration of traditional experimental methods with ethological analyses of children's behavior. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.
Note: Paper presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association Convention in Detroit, Michigan, May 6-8, 1971