ERIC Number: ED050244
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Income and Occupational Differences Between Whites and Nonwhites.
Gwartney, James David
This study investigates changes in the white-nonwhite income differential between 1939 and 1966, estimates what part of this differential is due to differences in productivity, and quantifies differences in discrimination between different parts of the economy. Although the median income of nonwhite urban males was only 58.3 percent of that of whites in 1959, the study estimates that between two-fifths and two-thirds of the differential was due to productivity factors, including fewer years of education, lower scholastic achievement, and over-representation of blacks in the low income South. Decimal United States Census and annual Current Population Reports data were used to estimate a rise in the relative income of nonwhites by more than 10 percent in the 1940's, followed by 17 years of virtually no change. U.S. Census data for 1960 suggest that most racial discrimination has been faced by salesmen, managers, officials, proprietors, and skilled craftsmen. (BH)
Descriptors: Black Employment, Blacks, Educational Discrimination, Educationally Disadvantaged, Employment Opportunities, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Promotion (Occupational), Racial Discrimination, Salary Wage Differentials
National Technical Information Service, Operations Division, Springfield, Virginia 22151 (PB 191 773, MF $0.95; HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Manpower Research.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle.
Note: Ph. D. Dissertation; University of Washington