ERIC Number: ED050166
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Unusualness, Appropriateness, Transformation and Condensation as Criteria for Creativity.
Feldman, David H.; And Others
Jackson and Messick present the beginning of a broad theory of creativity which includes four sets of properties by which outcomes of creative processes can be judged. The properties are unusualness, appropriateness, ability to transform the constraints of reality, and ability to condense meaning. Current tests for creativity generally emphasize only unusualness and--to a very limited extent--appropriateness as criteria for creativity. The present study reanalyzes creativity test results for transformations using aesthetic reactions of judges to creativity test responses, a technique intended to operationalize Jackson and Messick's observation that creative products engender specific aesthetic reactions in the viewer in relation to each response property. Results are compared with standard creativity test scores. The Torrance tests are found to generate low-order creative responses as judged within the Jackson/Messick framework. The subjects who produced the most powerful creative responses are not necessarily those who scored highest on the Torrance tests. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.
Identifiers: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, New York, February 1971