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ERIC Number: ED050018
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Education and the Two Phases of Urbanization.
Peachey, Paul
The struggle between the country and the city has always been a part of human history, but with the industrial revolution, large societies possessing urban attributes came into existence while the cities proper began to lose their bounded autonomy. Entire populations are now transformed into a single industrial economy, even though they may live in low density situations. A distinction must be made between the growth of cities and societal urbanization. Even in advanced industrial societies, however, large numbers of people are only one or two generations removed from the soil. Even though living in the city, they are not part of it as social reality. Education is the crucible which prepared rural man to perform the special and diverse rules of urban living, but the extent to which schools should be merely instruments of diffusion or the directors of the processes is not clear. Urbanization entails complex changes at the levels of social relations, personality, and culture, and the transition must be a gradual one. Many of our deep and unconscious attitudes toward space, time, resources, and institutions were shaped under circumstances so different that these attitudes are detrimental today; the question is whether they can be modified by education. Other questions are what new images and expectations are to be inculcated, and whether the individual can handle the overloaded repertory of roles inherent in urban society today. (MBM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
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Note: Paper presented at AACTE-OAS Conference on Education and the Environment in the Americas, Washington, D.C., Oct. 1970