ERIC Number: ED049595
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Development of Criteria for the Identification of Pre-School Children with Learning Problems. Final Report.
Sonstegard, Manford A.; Tseng, Meng-shu
To identify variables which inhibit social and academic adjustment, 42 kindergarten students were studied longitudinally by means of parent interviews, observation, tests, and anecdotal records. The IQ score for the group remained normal to slightly above over the 8-year period, but individual scores tended to vary more with increased age. Underachieving students in reading were compared to their achieving classmates; in grade 3 there was a significant difference between the two groups on the level of discouragement. By sixth grade the underachievers exhibited a less desirable social adjustment and participated less in class discussions. Short attention span and sensitivity about weight and speech were recurring characteristics of underachievers. The feeling of having a place among his peers and being assured of it, and a feeling of personal worth and appreciation were the only variables that continued to correlate consistently with the child's overall academic accomplishment throughout the first nine years of school. Additional results, conclusions, and suggestions are reported. (RJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: West Virginia Univ., Morgantown.