ERIC Number: ED049110
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Acceptance of Universalism: The Effect of School Attendance.
Davis, John E.
The research reported in this paper attempts to measure the contribution of schooling to the learning of the norm of universalism, the acceptance of which by any person implies his willingness to be treated, under certain conditions, as a member of a category rather than as a unique individual. Because the learning of universalism is seen as resulting from certain structural properties of schools, the sample used in this study was composed of 161 children in Grades 4 to 8 who were receiving their education through correspondence courses and who have had amounts of formal schooling ranging from zero to seven years. Data were secured through both questionnaires and interviews. The evidence suggests three general findings: 1) The contribution of schooling to the learning of universalism is small and may be assumed by other agencies of socialization; 2) The pattern of learning this norm varies between the sexes, and among preadolescent and adolescent age groups; 3) Children's perceptions of the universalistic action of a general category of authority figures, including parents, is strongly suggested as the most consistent, positive, and strong variable. (Author)
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Elementary Education, Group Membership, Group Norms, Group Unity, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Student Relationship, Peer Relationship, Research, Social Psychology, Social Values, Socialization, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Attitudes, Student School Relationship
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention, American Educational Research Association, New York, New York, February, 1971