ERIC Number: ED048332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
An Evaluation of Comprehensive Planning Literature with an Annotated Bibliography.
Every administrator bears primary responsibility for planning the accomplishment of those objectives and activities that fall in his area. When responsibility is relatively restricted, the informal and intuitive methods that constitute "sound judgment" suffice. However, as his area of responsibility widens to include increasingly complex tasks more formal methods of planning and control may be needed. As, for example, when planning for or controlling whole systems of activities (such as a school district), when the activities are new or experimental, or when large sums of money are to be expended. A vast literature exists on methods of planning for systems, for "comprehensive planning." Many of the ideas and methods found in the contemporary literature are discussed and evaluated in the first part of this report. An extensive annotated bibliography follows, with five main sections covering planning process information; system-wide planning methods; system characteristics and qualities; politics, community, implementation and communications; and, finally, other relevant bibliographies. The report concludes with author and subject indexes. (Author/GS)
Descriptors: Administration, Annotated Bibliographies, Budgeting, Contemporary Literature, Cost Effectiveness, Decision Making, Economic Research, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Feedback, Input Output Analysis, Management Systems, Models, Planning, Political Issues, Program Development, Program Evaluation, Research Reviews (Publications), School Districts, Student Needs, Systems Analysis, Systems Approach
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers: Planning Programming Budgeting System