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ERIC Number: ED048263
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 134
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of Three Listening-Environment Factors on Listening Comprehension of Fourth-Grade Students.
Price, Jack Albert
To determine the effect of purpose, background information, and distractions on the listening act, 692 fourth graders in 24 classrooms were randomly assigned to eight treatment conditions before listening to a 12 minute taped dramatization. One half of the classes were told they would be tested on the taped material; the other half were given no purpose for listening. Only four of the treatment groups were exposed to background material about the taped story prior to the listening act. One half of the classes were subjected to distractions on the tape and to common aural and visual classroom distractions while listening to the tape; the other classes were kept as free from distractions as possible. All subjects were asked to respond to a 20-item, four-option multiple-choice test designed to measure the subjects' comprehension of the story content. The results of the study showed that (1) having a purpose for listening does not significantly increase listening efficiency; (2) having prior background information does not significantly affect listening comprehension; (3) distractions in the listening environment significantly decrease listening efficiency; and (4) there is no significant interaction among the three main variables. (Author/MF)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 70-9149, MFilm $3.00, Xerography $6.40)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, North Texas State University