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ERIC Number: ED048240
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
The Evasion of the Text; Invasion of the Text; Again, Evasion of the Text; "The Eagle and the Mole": The Affective Fallacy Revisited.
Ducharme, Edward R.; And Others
English Record, v20 n3 p13-22 Feb 1970, v21 n1 p103-12 Oct 1970, and v21 n2 p57-9 Dec 1970
Three writers debate whether English teachers should depend on external or internal criteria when analyzing and teaching literature. Each writer discusses the meaning of Elinor Wylie's poem, "The Eagle and the Mole," according to his particular view of literary analysis. Edward Ducharme, in "The Evasion of the Text," submits that superficial aspects of literature rather than skills in textual analysis are being taught to future English teachers, and defends his point with evidence from an exercise in poetic analysis in which more than 160 prospective English teachers failed to detect the underlying irony in Wylie's poem. Charles Hoffman, in "Invasion of the Text," submits that Wylie's poem is not ironic in tone, that Ducharme is infusing his own life view into his interpretation rather than using biographical criticism and the corpus of Wylie's work to determine the poem's meaning. Ducharme, in "Again, Evasion of the Text," defends his view that understanding literature depends, not on secondary sources, but on the confrontation between reader and literary work, and explicates the poem to indicate where the irony lies. Finally, Edward Kelly defends an ironic interpretation of the poem, faults both Ducharme and Hoffman for relying on fixed literary positions, and analyzes the poem by both external and internal literary means. (JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State English Council.
Identifiers: Eagle and the Mole