ERIC Number: ED048104
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Relationships Between Attitude Congruency and Attraction to Candidates in Teacher Selection.
Merritt, Daniel L.
A study explored the relationships between 1) congruence of attitudes between principals and teacher candidates with different job qualifications, and 2) principals' attraction to teacher candidates. Concern was to test relationships expressed in Newcomb's ABX system of interpersonal attraction. In a simulated selection situation, elementary principals (N=140) rated an applicant for a teaching position. Principals were volunteers from a random sample of 500 drawn from all full-time elementary principals in New York State excluding New York City and Long Island. Instruments were the Education Scale (Kerlinger and Kaya, 1959) to secure principals' attitudes toward general educational practices and the Interpersonal Judgment Scale (Byrne, 1961) to measure their attraction to the hypothetical candidates presented to them. Teacher applicants were represented by written information in which the attitude congruence with the principal and the level of teacher qualifications were varied. The results of data analysis (two-way analysis of variance) suggest that 1) the similarity-dissimilarity of attitudes between principal and teacher candidates does affect principal attraction to the candidate with principals more attracted to those holding attitudes similar to their own and 2) effect of similarity-dissimilarity of attitudes seems to be more powerful than the effect of teacher candidate qualifications. (Author/JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interpersonal Judgment Scale; Kerlinger Education Scales
Note: Paper presented at annual meeting, AERA, New York, 1971