ERIC Number: ED047974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of the Availability of Objectives and/or Rules on the Learning Process.
Merrill, Paul F.
The effects of behavioral objectives and/or rules on the learning process were examined using a hierarchical imaginary science called the Science of Xenograde Systems. The learning task was presented by a computer assisted instruction system to 130 introductory educational psychology and science education students. After being given a battery of six cognitive ability tests, all students were randomly assigned to either an example only, an objective-example, a rule-example or an objective-rule-example treatment. The presentation of rules significantly reduced the number of examples and total time required to complete the task and increased performance on a transfer test. The presentation of objectives did not significantly affect total or display latency, but significantly reduced the requirement for reasoning ability. It was concluded that objectives have orienting and organizing effects which dispose students to attend to, process, and structure relevant information in accordance with the given objectives. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York City, New York, February 4-7, 1971)