ERIC Number: ED047655
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Secularization - Public Trust: The Development of Catholic Higher Education in the United States.
Kelly, Joseph P.
Catholic education in the United States was initially avowedly catholic: its purpose was to train catholics, and it rested on the purpose that there would always be enough religious personnel to staff the institutions. The G.I. Bill of Rights and federal funding for higher education were instrumental in providing growth capital for catholic institutions. These events also precipitated (1) a serious shortage of priests, brothers and sisters to assume the increased responsibilities, and (2) a cost squeeze when federal funds had to be matched. Catholic colleges went public for recruitment of faculty, stdents, board members and eventually administrators. As they did so, they became much more secular institutions. The sixties saw the beginning of the radical questioning of Catholic institutions, as the call for ecumenicism that flowed from Vatican II began to have its impact on Catholic institutions of higher education. Prominent Catholic educators debated the functions and role of the Catholic college in these moves to secularity, and it is the thesis of this paper that colleges that are public in their charters, goals, purposes, governance, and in their recruitment of students, faculty, and administrators, are not church-related. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association of American Colleges, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the Wingspread Conference on the Contributions of the Church-Related College to the Public Good, December, 1968