ERIC Number: ED047620
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec-3
Reference Count: 0
Research Component - Natural Sciences.
The research component in the natural sciences does not have to be changed. Ninety-three percent of the students surveyed by Ann Heiss for her book "The Challenge to the Graduate Schools" felt that the research component of the natural sciences contributed to their scientific development, and 85 percent felt that it was intellectually stimulating. Eighty-eight percent of the faculty surveyed felt that dissertation research component should remain unchanged. In contrast, only 43 percent of the graduate students in English thought that research contributed to their development. This happy condition in the natural sciences is due to the mutual dependence of professor and student. The student does his first research on a professor's problem and does not do his own research until his last year. This seems to work to both the professor's and student's benefit. In the social sciences and humanities, students tend to begin on their own and professors tend to view their role as teachers and advisors as a duty role. There are also differences within the natural sciences. The chemist tends to get his doctorate in 4 years, and often takes a 2-year postdoctorate. The physicist takes generally 6 years for his doctorate under the same professor. The 4- and 2- year schedule provides for more flexibility and greater self-selection of the students. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council of Graduate Schools in the U.S., Washington, DC.
Note: Address presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Council of Graduate Schools in the United States, Miami Beach, Florida, December 3, 1970