ERIC Number: ED047266
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
An Integrated Approach to the Study of Learning, Retention, and Transfer: A Key Issue in Training Device Research and Development.
Blaiwes, Arthur S.; Regan, James J.
A summary was made of the approach, rationale, and some of the results of an effort being made at the Naval Training Device Center Human Factors Laboratory to acquire information on learning, retention, and transfer which can be applied to help solve military training problems. Various psychological theories were reviewed, and 181 relevant research reports were analyzed. It was found that research on transfer of training on military tasks essentially involved one or more of the following issues: (1) Which subtasks, uncovered operationally, should be included in or excluded from a training simulation; (2) Which variations in training system stimulus and response characteristics should be incorporated; (3) Which instructional devices, materials, and methods should be introduced to improve learning and transfer; (4) How much generalization should be built into training devices. Reports were also characterized according to whether they pertain to learning, retention, and/or transfer; whether the tasks discussed could be described as verbal, motor, perceptual, signal monitoring, complex, or procedural; and any other kinds of independent variables (if any) which were manipulated. (Twenty-one references are included.) (Authors/LY)
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Bibliographies, Electromechanical Aids, Memory, Military Training, Research, Research Problems, Simulation, Skill Development, Transfer of Training
National Technical Information Service, Operations Division, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD-712-096, MF $0.95, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Naval Training Device Center, Orlando, FL.