ERIC Number: ED047034
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Development of a Training Program to Increase the Use of Reinforcement in Informal Teaching by Mothers of Educationally Disadvantaged Children.
Champagne, David W.; Goldman, Richard M.
One way that educationally disadvantaged children can be helped to succeed more often in schools is to ask their parents to join in an educational partnership with teachers for the benefit of their children. The acquisition of teaching skills allows the parents to focus their efforts. The use of positive verbal reinforcement was selected as the skill parents would be helped to acquire. The research was conducted in three phases. The first was designed to determine if the literature that described the use of reinforcement by parents was accurate for both middle class mothers and for the target population of lower class mothers. During this phase the learning strategies most helpful to parents to learn reinforcement skills were developed. During phase two, one parent was worked with for 15 weeks using the strategies developed in phase one. Phase three consisted of working with six mothers using the same design as that of phase two, in order to evaluate whether the reinforcement skills training program had similar effects on other parents. New strategies were developed as these became necessary. Although a considerable amount of responsibility is given the parent in this program, no diminishing of education or accountability is implied. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, San Diego, Calif., 1970