ERIC Number: ED047010
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Criterion-Referenced Testing in the Context of Instruction.
Nitko, Anthony J.
Criterion-referenced testing is defined and some of its background is discussed. A distinction is made between criterion-referenced scores, norm-referenced scores, cut-off scores, criterion scores, criterion variables, and content-standard scores. The relationship between norm-referenced information and criterion-referenced information is considered. The need for vigorous, empirically-based construct validation studies of criterion-referenced tests is pointed out. The use of criterion-referenced testing in instruction is considered in terms of absolute interpretations and mastery learning. It is seen that whether criterion-referenced testing and/or norm-referenced testing is needed to make instructional decisions depends upon the instructional context within which one operates. It is concluded that, for purposes of instruction and instructional decision-making, there is a need for the integration of measurement knowledge with knowledge about instructional psychology. (Author/TA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Note: Paper presented at the Educational Records Bureau-National Council on Measurement in Education Symposium, "Criterion-Referenced Measures: Pros and Cons," New York, New York, October 1970