ERIC Number: ED046997
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Multivariate Study of Two Techniques for Analyzing Social Variables in the Classroom.
Kidder, S. J.
This study was conducted in an attempt to analyze selected aspects of the social milieu surrounding elementary school children. The relationship between the two techniques (one semi-projective, one verbal) used in measuring this social environment was also of interest. Fourth and fifth grade students' affective reactions to the following stimuli on both techniques formed the data base: home, friends, mother, self, father, school, teacher, principal. Of primary interest in this study was the attempt to predict or explain the students' reactions to the above stimuli on the basis of the following effects: grade-level, teacher-sex, student-sex, teacher-effect, student-behavior (as perceived by his teacher), and student-reading-achievement. Results indicate that the combined techniques were most valid when estimating students' affective reactions to these stimuli: mother, father, school, teacher, and principal. The semantic differential method, which provided the greatest variability among individuals, seemed to be the more sensitive instrument. Further research is recommended to improve the validity and reliability of the techniques. Several measures of the social climate of the classroom may provide a more comprehensive picture than was previously realized. (Author/LR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, New York, February 1971