ERIC Number: ED046938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Visual Cues of Ethnicity upon Speech Ratings.
Williams, Frederick; And Others
The purpose of this study was to test the implication that ethnic stereotyping may bias a teacher's perception of a child's speech. The subjects, 44 undergraduate education majors, were asked to view three 90-second segments of video tape showing fifth and sixth grade boys from three ethnic groups--Black, Mexican-American, and Anglo--and were asked to complete a rating instrument made up of a set of semantic differential scales designed to judge a child's speech in terms of "confidence-eagerness" or "ethnicity-nonstandardness." The video tapes were produced in such a manner that it was possible to substitute the speech of one child for another. Each subject was shown a segment of an Anglo child speaking standard English, a segment of a Black or Mexican-American child speaking the standard English of an Anglo child (dubbed in), and a segment of a Black or Mexican-American child speaking his own dialect. Findings indicated that visual clues of ethnicity did bias the subjects' evaluations of standard English speech samples. Black and Mexican-American children shown with audio dubs of standard English were judged to be less confident and eager and more ethnic and nonstandard than the Anglo children speaking standard English. (See also ED 042 756-ED 042 758.) (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Center for Communication Research.