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ERIC Number: ED046851
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Who Becomes a Democrat? A Study of Democratic Socialization.
Simpson, Elizabeth Leonie
This is an exploration of the discrepancy between expressed and enacted democratic beliefs using a written self-report questionnaire incorporating personality scales and indices, direct ideological questions, and projective questions to be answered narratively. High school students (n=412) of varying race and social class were studied in three communities. Data analysis techniques included Pearson r correlation, univariate analysis of variance, and chi-square. Findings indicate that psychological deprivation is highly related (p<.001) to democratic socialization and cognitive closure (p<.001) and suggest that democratic value teaching will not produce a democratic personality unless preceded by an environment which gratifies the basic needs of the child. (Author)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Citizenship, Democratic Values, Educational Environment, High School Students, Personality Theories, Political Attitudes, Political Socialization, Psychological Characteristics, Psychological Needs, Social Studies, Socioeconomic Influences, Values Education
Jossey-Bass, 615 Montgomery Street, San Francisco, California
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Presented at the Annual Convention, American Educational Research Association, New York, New York, February 1971; Revision to be published in "The Antecedents of Democratic Values"