ERIC Number: ED046499
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
Piaget's Concept of Classification: A Comparative Study of Socially Disadvantaged and Middle-Class Young Children.
Wei, Tam Thi Dang
This study examines the differences in classificatory performance of children from middle class (MC) and from culturally deprived (CD) backgrounds at kindergarten and second grade levels. It was hypothesized that: (a) the ability to classify increases with age (b) CD children would score lower on talks of classification than children in MC groups (c) the range of differences between the two special groups would be greater for the second grade than for the kindergarten children (d) there is a difference in the justification scores favoring the advantaged over the deprived groups. Eighty subjects, in four groups of twenty each, participated. Four classification tasks of Piaget were used (Changing Criteria, Classification, Class Inclusion, and Matrices). Subjects were individually interviewed, asked the same questions and presented the four tasks in sequence. Findings supported the hypothesis that the ability to classify increases with age. They also pointed to a significant difference between the performance and the justification scores of the two social groups. Findings from this study indicated an almost parallel development between the two grade levels of the two social classes. It might be profitable to repeat this study with a wider range of age levels and with a larger sample to ascertain the presence or absence of social class differences in classificatory performance. (WY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers: Piaget (Jean)
Note: Paper is based upon a thesis submitted by the author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Ill.