ERIC Number: ED046490
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Test of Habituation in Human Infants as an Acquisition Process in a Retroactive Inhibition Paradigm.
Miller, Dolores J.; And Others
Habituation and dishabituation to a simple geometric stimulus were examined for a sample of 36 5-month old subjects. All subjects viewed successive presentations of a standard stimulus, and, following a retention interval, a single presentation of the standard and a novel stimulus in the test phase. During the interpolated interval, repeated presentations of another, different stimulus were shown to subjects in the Retroactive Inhibition Condition, while those in the Control Condition were given auditory stimulation. Analyses of visual fixation scores indicated that habituation occurred to the standard stimulus and that response within conditions to this stimulus in the test phase was in directions predicted by the interference theory of forgetting. Visual responses of subjects in the Retroactive Inhibition Condition appeared to have been dishabituated by presentations of a stimulus during the retention interval, whereas those of subjects in the Control Condition evidenced continued habituation to the standard. The between-conditions comparison on the test of the standard stimulus, however, only approached significance. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Inst. of Child Development .
Note: Paper presented at the 78th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Miami Beach, Florida, September, 1970