ERIC Number: ED046392
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Student Value Structures: Key to Interpersonal Interaction in the College Community.
Paulin, Kenneth C.; Bittner, John R.
This study attempts to discover whether personal value structures are present at the personality level of student interaction (1) when there are no specific issues confronting the student, or (2) when issues are present and interaction results in linkage of the student value structure with a particular issue. Based on the results of a differential value profile, 47 students were placed in 11 discussion groups to discuss one of the following six value topics: aesthetic, material, power, intellectual, humanitarian, and religious. The members of each group had a similar hierarchy of values. In phase one, five groups chose topics corresponding to their value hierarchy. The aesthetics were the only value groups not to choose a corresponding topic. Only three of the groups chose discussion leaders whose value hierarchy was the highest for the group. In phase two, the groups were reorganized with a "plant" in each group. Nine of the groups chose the "plant" as discussion leader. The study thus indicates that (1) personal value structures become a factor in student behavior only when aligned with an issue and when value conflicts arise between individuals and the issue; and (2) when an opposing issue is presented to a group, the person whose value hierarchy was congruent to the issue is perceived by the group as best able to cope with the issue. It is recommended that counselors working with students experiencing value conflicts try to identify the underlying issues. (CA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the 1971 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, New York