ERIC Number: ED045969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Grammar. An Experiment in Applied Psycholinguistics. Assessing Three Different Methods of Teaching Grammatical Structures in English as a Foreign Language.
Lindblad, Torsten; Levin, Lennart
Earlier reports from the GUME project (Goteborg, UndervisningsMetod i Engelska-Gothenburg/ Teaching/Methods/English) have shown that different methods of teaching English produce no significant differences in learning effects. In the present study, a direct continuation of earlier ones, modifications in design, teaching strategies, etc., were made in order to increase the probability of detecting true differences between methods, if such existed. Three methods were compared: the Implicit method, the Explicit-English method(Ee), and the Explicit-Swedish method(Es). All three have systematized drills, but Ee and Es feature analysis and explanations as well; in Ee such explanations are given in English, in Es in Swedish. The present study differed from earlier ones in several ways: a new type of explanation was used, the duration of the experiment was prolonged, and the grammatical content was more varied. Main effects were investigated by analysis of covariance and interaction effects by analysis of variance. Individual scores were used as units of analysis, and various measures of progress during the experiment were used in the comparisons. Results agreed with earlier findings that the three different methods do not generate any differences in learning effects. See related document ED 034 172. [Not available in hard copy because of marginal legibility of the original document.] (Author/FWB)
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Educational Experiments, English (Second Language), Language Instruction, Language Tests, Pattern Drills (Language), Psycholinguistics, Research Projects, Statistical Studies, Student Attitudes, Teaching Methods
Department of Educational Research, Gothenburg School of Education, Ovre Husargatan 34, S-413 14 Gothenburg, Sweden
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Swedish Board of Education, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: Gothenburg Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of English.; Gothenburg School of Education (Sweden).
Note: Appeared as "Research Bulletin No. 6, December 1970" of the Gothenburg School of Education