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ERIC Number: ED045966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Multiple Prediction of Phonological Variables in a Bilingual Speech Community.
Fishman, Joshua A.; Herasimchuk, Eleanor
American Anthropologist, v71 n4 p648-657 Aug 1969
The data analyzed for this report was obtained as part of an interdisciplinary project on the measurement and description of widespread and relatively stable bilingualism in a Puerto Rican neighborhood in the Greater New York City area (Fishman, Cooper, Ma, et al. 1968). The area studied by the team of linguists, psychologists, and sociolinguists included 431 Puerto Ricans living in 90 households. The psycholinguistic interviews and testing sessions were designed to elicit speech data in five different contexts forming a continuum from most formal to most informal. Four demographic factors (sex, age, education, and birthplace) were included. The general hypothesis regarding linguistic variation in Puerto Rican Spanish in this speech community was that it consists of contextual variation primarily and demographic variation only secondarily. Except for regionally related differences, the authors consider their subjects as constituting a single speech community. Their studies found that everyone in the community mastered basic Spanish phonology, even though some respondents could barely converse in Spanish. On the other hand, English proficiency was more varied. A phonological cutoff point could be established to determine English fluency, but fluency in Spanish could not be determined solely by phonological markers. (AMM)
American Anthropological Association and Affiliated Societies, 1703 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009 ($5.00 per issue)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York (New York)