ERIC Number: ED045621
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Research-Based Development: A Strategy for Educational Change in the 70's.
Borg, Walter R.
Of the three change strategies for educational improvement which are currently being supported with substantial sums of money, only the most recent, research-based development, can bring about real national improvement in educational practice. "Local innovation," although it will always be our best source of new ideas, fails as an effective national change strategy because of poor exportability, lack of rigorous evaluation, and incredible expense and inefficiency. The history of team teaching and the results of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 illustrate the point. "Educational research" also fails as a change strategy, not because of scarcity of funds or a communications gap but because its findings as they come from the researcher are simply not usable by practitioners. "Research-based development" enlists both local innovation and research to produce new products and processes. Although it is costly, it is economically feasible when resulting products are widely used. It provides practitioners with products fully ready for use with rigorous research evidence that they do the job for which they were designed. If the new strategy is broadly implemented, the teacher's role can become more manageable. It would be more like that of a medical physician: working with each individual to diagnose his problem and select from available treatment the one considered most applicable--not to develop new treatments or discover new medicines. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, Berkeley, CA.
Note: Paper presented at the annual conference of the Social Science Education Consortium, Denver, Colorado, June 13, 1970