ERIC Number: ED045543
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962
Reference Count: 0
Japan: Three Epochs of Modern Education.
Anderson, Ronald S.
Over the years, Japan has revamped her education system a number of times. With the coming of the U. S. Education Mission in 1946, she turned her schools toward democratization. The major aims of this reform program in education were: 1) the elimination of militarism and ultranationalism; 2) democratization; 3) modernization; and, 4) decentralization of education control. Specific reforms included: 1) the provision of greater equality of educational opportunity through the conversion of the multiple-track into a single-track system; 2) an additional three years of compulsory education; 3) coeducation at all levels; and, 4) general education at the secondary and higher levels. To train intelligent participation in a democracy, a new content was introduced --notably social studies at the elementary and secondary levels. During the present period, some of these goals and reforms have been modified, however, the essential goals remain: suiting education to life, helping the individual to develop his ability, and the goal of freedom of speech and action. (SBE)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Administration, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Methods, Educational Opportunities, Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Elementary Education, Government Role, Higher Education, Secondary Education, Social Studies
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.