ERIC Number: ED045360
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship Between the Retention Level of Orally and Visually Presented Science Material to Selected Fifth Grade Students.
Friedman, Robert M.
Two groups of fifth-grade pupils were equated on reading ability, I.Q., science ability, hearing, and eyesight. The groups selected were well above average in I.Q. and reading ability. Four selections, each of 400 to 500 words, from standard fifth-grade elementary science texts were presented by allowing students to read them or by reading them to the students. Group A read selections one and two and heard selections three and four, while Group B heard selections one and two and read selections three and four. Retention of the material was measured by a fifteen-item multiple choice test for each selection. The five items on each test requiring inference from the information were less satisfactorily answered than the 10 requiring recall of facts; there was no difference in mean score between the presentation methods for either group of questions. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Doctoral Dissertations, Elementary School Science, Grade 5, Instruction, Reading, Retention (Psychology), Speech Communication
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 70-762, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $6.20)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY.