ERIC Number: ED045224
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of a Preschool Language Program on Two-Year-Old Children and Their Mothers. Final Report.
A study was made to determine whether a structured language program for 2-year-old educationally disadvantaged children and a complementary structured language program for their mothers would significantly affect the language behavior of mothers and children. Twenty-four lower socioeconomic status mothers and their 2-year-olds were placed in the following three groups: (1) language treatment, (2) counseling and day care treatment, and (3) control with no treatment. Hypotheses were tested which concerned language styles and mother-child interaction patterns. Experimental language group children and mothers received treatment (verbal reinforcement, elaboration and extension) for 1 1/2 hours, 2 days a week for 10 weeks. Mothers in the counseling group received counseling on matters of concern to low income black mothers for 3 hours daily, once a week for 10 weeks. Their children were in day care for that period of time. Pre- and posttests of mothers and children in the two experimental groups were made using a syntax measure and the children were tested on concept development. Controls were posttested only. It was concluded that the structured language program (a) produced a significant change in the syntax style of mothers and the pattern of verbal interaction between mothers and children, and (b) effectively changed the syntax style of the children. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe.