ERIC Number: ED045210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Cartoon Characters as Motivators of Preschool Disadvantaged Children. Final Report.
Gill, Robert; And Others
A study designed to test effects of cartoon characters on the behavior of preschool disadvantaged children in an educational setting explored the use of cartoons as complementary additions to work materials. Because the 83 Head Start subjects had not been introduced to the alphabet an experimental set of worksheets was made which used the 26 letters. On many of these worksheets a cat cartoon character acted out some aspect of the meaning of a word associated with a particular alphabet letter. Other worksheets used were traditional. One control and three experimental groups were formed and the following areas of cartoon-effect were measured: emotional actions, learning activity, social activity and residual attitudes. Findings indicate that the cartoon is an intrinsic stimulator and information transmitter which would probably be more effective in elementary school classes with older children and that the cartoon should not be used for rote learning. It is suggested that the cartoon can fill a new role in the classroom, helping the teacher to reach curriculum objectives and the child to reach higher levels of learning. Appendixes include sample worksheets, pre- and posttests, a teacher questionnaire, data summary sheets, and a history of cartoon development. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement, Cartoons, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Curriculum Guides, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Media, Language Acquisition, Language Skills, Learning Motivation, Motivation, Preschool Education, Problem Children, Sex Differences, Social Development, Testing, Tests
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Grand Rapids Public Schools, MI.; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.; Community Health and Welfare Council of Hennepin County Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.
Identifiers: Project Head Start