ERIC Number: ED044925
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1949-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Contributions of Film Introductions and Film Summaries to Learning from Instructional Films.
Lathrop, C. W., Jr.; Norford, C. A.
An exploratory study of the contribution to learning of typical introductory and summarizing sequences in instructional films underlined the need for further experimental work to determine what kinds of introductory and concluding sequences are most useful in promoting learning from films. The first part of the study was concerned with film introductions. In it, three films were selected from 130 instructional films as having what seemed to be good introductory sequences. Two versions of each of the three films were prepared, one including the intoduction and one omitting it. Each film was shown to three comparable groups of high school students; a control group which did not see the film, a group which saw the film version without the introduction, and a group which saw the entire film. All the film groups gained higher scores than the control groups which did not see a film. However, the learning differences attributable to the films were small: positive for two films and negative for one. In evaluating the effect on learning of summary sequences, the same procedure was followed as in evaluation of the effect of introductory sequences, with similar results. (MF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Port Washington, NY. Special Devices Center.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Coll. of Education.
Note: One of a series of papers by the Instructional Film Research Program at Pennsylvania State College (now Pennsylvania State University)