ERIC Number: ED044628
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of the Location of Questions in Reading Material on Long-Term Retention of Specific Facts by Adult Subjects.
This study investigated how the location of questions in factual reading matter (before, after, or interspersed throughout) affected retention by 60 adult subjects divided among six treatment groups. It was hypothesized that: (1) pre-positioned questions will prove superior to interspersing in terms of mean retention scores; (2) interspersed questions will be more effective than postpositioning; (3) retention scores for subjects with high measured reading ability will surpass scores by low subjects; (4) the interaction of reading ability with question positioning will cause pre-positioning to benefit low ability subjects more than high ability subjects; (5) postquestioning will lower the scores of low ability subjects more than those of high ability subjects. The researcher wrote and used a 3,000 word selection ("How You Will Travel in Space") designed to encourage interest without being emotionally loaded. Findings supported the third hypothesis but none of the other hypotheses. It was concluded that positioning does not significantly affect long range retention and that adults of high reading ability do well regardless of positioning; but that the lack of extremely poor readers in the sample may have biased the findings. (LY)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Adults, Bibliographies, Doctoral Dissertations, Instructional Materials, Motivation, Questioning Techniques, Reading Ability, Reading Habits, Reading Improvement, Reading Instruction, Reading Materials, Research, Retention (Psychology), Theories
University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48106 (Order No. 71-6874, MF $4.00, Xerography $10.15)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.
Note: Ph.D. Thesis