ERIC Number: ED044395
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Authoritarianism and Time as Influences on Decision Making. Final Report.
Traylor, Elwood B.
This study examined the decision-making process of prospective teachers to determine to what extent authoritarianism influences decisions about the validity of categorical syllogisms with attitudinally relevant conclusions. The Minnesota Teacher Attitude Inventory (MTAI) and the California F Scale were administered to 100 education students to determine attitudes and degree of authoritarianism. Then selected statements from the MTIA were used as conclusions for syllogisms constructed for the Syllogism Test, which was administered before and after programed instruction in judging the validity of conclusions. Findings indicated that subjects high in authoritarianism make more attitude errors in reasoning. Programed instruction reduces attitude errors in reasoning for both high and low authoritarians, with the reduction being significantly greater for high authoritarians. These findings have implications for developing self-awareness of the part of the teacher in order to provide a logical rather than emotional response to difficult classroom situations. (RT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wichita State Univ., KS. Coll. of Education.