ERIC Number: ED044110
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Entrance and Placement Testing for the Junior College.
Sheldon, M. Stephen
Junior College Research Review, v5 n4 Dec 1970
This research review discusses the use of traditional psychometric devices to predict an individual's academic performance, and to determine his admittance into a particular curriculum, particularly in today's open-door, comprehensive, community-junior college. To begin with, most reported uses of the typical achievement or aptitude test appear to ignore such critical elements as: (1) factors influencing the size of the validity coefficient, (2) descriptors of the sample used for correlations, (3) the standard error of estimate, and (4) standardized regression coefficients (betas) in the actual regression equations. In addition, past research has demonstrated that little can be meaningfully added to high school GPA as a predictor of college success. A more appropriate alternative is to determine entry-level skills required by a particular course or curriculum, and to develop procedures that permit evaluation of these skills. This encourages course and curricular admission criteria to be related as closely as possible to course content, rather than to a construct called academic aptitude (a construct whose only operational definition is a test score). Such an approach can be implemented through counseling and encouraging students to attempt only those courses for which they have a high probability of success. (JO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.; American Association of Junior Colleges, Washington, DC.