ERIC Number: ED043924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Visual and Aural Learning in Urban Children. Final Report.
Williams, Joanna P.
A total of 320 subjects in five grades (two, four, six, eight, ten) and from two types of school settings (middle-class and disadvantaged) were studied. Subjects learned eight-pair lists of familiar nouns in a standard paired-associates task. Each subject learned two lists, one presented visually and the other, aurally. Performance on the visual task was superior to that on the aural task, and subjects in higher grades performed better than those in lower grades. Overall, the middle-class subjects' performance was superior to that of the disadvantaged children, but there was a complex interaction indicating that there were no differences between these groups at the fourth- and sixth-grade levels. Discrepancies in reading ability and in motivational set were discussed as to their possible relevance in interpreting the data. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia.