ERIC Number: ED043710
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Expectation Training I: Altering the Effects of a Racial Status Characteristic.
Cohen, Elizabeth G.; And Others
This experiment attempted to alter the effects of race as a diffuse status characteristic. Black subjects were given instructions meant to induce "high competence" on a task performed with white subjects. All subjects were seventh and eighth graders who did not know each other prior to the experiment. Each group comprised two white and two black subjects, matched on socioeconomic background and attitude toward school. Subjects were run under three conditions. In the "Long Experimental Condition," the boys played a round of a game, the black subjects received training via a superior film before doing the group task; the subjects then played the game again. In the "Control Condition" both the blacks and whites saw a less helpful film prior to the task. In the "Short Experimental Condition" the first round of the game was omitted. The results indicated that "Expectation Training" did not improve the activity or influence rate of black subjects as compared to their white partners. The pattern of white dominance is a consistent and persistent finding in this series. Alteration of this pattern will require a precise and powerful experimental intervention. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (Authors/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education.