ERIC Number: ED043704
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
Level of Expectation, Actual Performance, and Reactions to Success and Failure in Three Ethnic Groups.
In this experiment, the effects of attainment or nonattainment of self-set goals are assessed in individuals of three ethnic groups (white, black and Mexican-American), both pre- and post-desegregation. The method used to test level of expectation, actual performance, and reactions to success or failure is a simple ring toss game. Subjects varied the difficulty of the task by standing at various distances from the target peg, indicated their expected performance on the task, and tossed the rings. On consecutive trials and across years, the subjects' patterns of dealing with their actual performances were recorded. Mexican-American subjects, on the whole, are most capable on the ring toss task and have the most realistic expectations; white subjects overestimate the most and have the lowest actual scores. Ethnic group differences on these variables decrease after desegregation. Mexican-American subjects were found to have a more realistic increase in confidence following desegregation; and black children, highest in expectations, showed an overall decrease in anxiety. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (Author/JW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.
Identifiers: California; California (Riverside)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., 1969