ERIC Number: ED043579
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The White Revolution in Iranian Education.
Carr, William G.; Carr, Elizabeth
During a 16-day examination of recent innovations in Iranian education, two institutions were most closely examined: 1) The Army of Knowledge was created in 1962 as a crash program concentrating mainly on the elementary and secondary education of rural and village children where the population is dispersed, living standards low, and four out of five adults illiterate. Conscripted men who are secondary school graduates but have not entered the university may enter the Army of Knowledge for four months basic military and pedagogical training before being sent to a village for 14 months of teaching and community activities; then if they volunteer to become regular teachers they receive four months teachers college training and often return to the same village. 2) The National Committee on Literacy concentrates on teaching adults in towns and cities. The part-time teachers, secondary school graduates drawn from a variety of occupations, take a course (twenty-two 2-hour lessons) in the method of teaching adults to read, write, and do simple arithmetic. Then the teacher recruits his own sutdents (20-40) and is paid partly on the basis of how well they do on examinations at the end of two 6-month courses. The national illiteracy rate has been lowered since 1963 from 80 percent to 50 percent. (Administration of the two programs i s briefly described. Included are notes on the "White Revolution," the general economic and social change movement, and on the authors' itinerary and other projects visited.) (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession, Morges (Switzerland).
Identifiers: Iran; National Committee on Literacy