ERIC Number: ED043308
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
End Runs and Line Bucking.
Hefferlin, J. B. Lon
Research Reporter, v5 n3 p4-7 1970
Throughout the evoluation of academic institutions, the technique of organizing separate and parallel units of existing institutions has been the easiest means of academic reform. The creation of cluster colleges is one example, as well as the creation of parallel colleges such as Radcliffe and Pembroke. A second technique is the device called "election" whereby students can choose from parallel competing courses. Parallelism is a popular device because it doesn't change existing programs, but it is not a technique for reforming the existing curriculum, except by undercutting it. The most pressing problem of curricular renewal is not the lack of new ideas, but the difficulty of getting these ideas implemented. A common technique of altering the curriculum has been to wait for a faculty member to resign, retire or die. Another technique has been radical upheaval and reorganization. Several factors are important in effecting change; the most influential of which seems to be "reward." This includes the need, motivation, market, incentive, pressure for and anticipated benefits of change. When curricular revision seems to be less threatening than the consequences of inaction, revision blossoms. Other factors are the institution's own orientation toward change and structure. A patriarchal structure or collegium orientation is very deterimental to any change. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Center for Research and Development in Higher Education.
Note: Paper presented at a workshop on Innovation and Experimentation in Higher Education, University of California, Santa Cruz, March 23-24 , 1970