ERIC Number: ED043146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Use of Multi-Sensory Reinforcement in Toilet Training Retardates.
Bates, Karla K.; Armenti, Simma
A behavior modification program in toilet training, utilizing reinforcing properties of music, candy, cold drinks, and television was instigated with institutionalized (nontoilet trained) males, ages 15-20 , who were profoundly, severely and moderately mentally handicapped. Eleven experimental and 11 control subjects were involved. A Toileting Rating Scale was administered once each day during the 45 days of training, and Elimination Baseline data (indicating type and place of elimination) was recorded. Both groups underwent the training sessions, but the control group received only verbal rewards. Results showed that the multi-sensory reinforcement did cause an increase in the number of successful toiletings (self and other initiated) over the control group, with candy and music the most frequently selected reinforcers (82.8%). (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Fairview State Hospital, Costa Mesa, California.