ERIC Number: ED042871
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Self Concepts of Disadvantaged and Advantaged Students.
Soares, Louise M.; Soares, Anthony T.
The specific intention of this study was to determine whether samples of disadvantaged students showed positive self-images (as had been shown by some of previous researches) and whether these are maintained when disadvantaged children move out of their neighborhood schools to the more integrated environment of the high school. Seven hundred and seven subjects from an urban school system used in the study were comprised of 309 disadvantaged students (138 in elementary school, 171 in secondary school; 184 boys, 125 girls) and 398 advantaged students (186 elementary, 212 secondary; 199 boys, 199 girls)--the criterion of "disadvantage" having been defined according to family income (less than $4,000 per annum), welfare aid status, and housing in low-rent or subsidized tenements. A self-perception instrument using 40 bipolar traits expressed in sentence form were presented to the subjects. An analysis of variance statistical design was applied to the index scores obtained. The results showed that disadvantaged children of all ages had higher self concepts than advantaged children, but that disadvantaged high school students were not as high in self concept as disadvantaged children at the elementary school level. Tables of test results are appended. (RJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the 78th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Miami Beach, Fla., September 1970