ERIC Number: ED042298
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Visual Learning Processes in Deaf Children. Final Report.
Scherer, Patricia A.
To compare three processes for teaching deaf children to read, 54 deaf children (ages six, eight, and 10 years) were matched according to age, sex, hearing level, intelligence, socioeconomic level, and reading abilities, and were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group A subjects were given a stimulus which consisted of the read form, the speechread form, and an illustrative picture. Group B presentation included only the read word and a picture. Group C subjects were given the read word and the speechread word. A filmed teaching machine procedure was used (10 presentations over two weeks). A battery of posttests measured changes in learning among 27 variables. Results showed Situation A superior to B on Sentence and Paragraph Comprehension in reading (no differences between B and C). Group A was superior to C in speechreading and error scores, indicating that all three cues (read form, speechread form, and picture) provided for most effective learning, and that speechreading is a noteworthy factor in learning to read. Appendixes include the film format, tests of word recognition, sentence comprehension, and paragraph comprehension, and a bibliography. (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL.