ERIC Number: ED042218
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Male Female Differences in Width of Cognitive Categorization: A Developmental and Perceptual Study. Final Report.
Parsons, Ronald J.
The problem investigated was the relationship between cognitive category width and certain other cognitive and perceptual variables, with the intent of gaining additional insight into the effect which individual differences in cognitive conceptualization exert on certain other behaviors. Cognitive category width, defined as the score obtained on the Pettigrew Category Width Scale, was found to be functionally related to certain types of mental tasks, but not to others. Stimulus generalization, either perceptually or through verbal mediation, was not found significantly related to width of categorization. A second study found broad categorizers to be somewhat more field independent in a Rod and Frame Test. There was, however, a significant interaction between sex and category width, with males who were broad categorizers superior to those who were narrow categorizers, the reverse being true for females. The third area of investigation found highly significant differences between broad and narrow categorizers in the learning of multiattribute paired associates. Conclusions suggest that performance in a simple perception task does not appear to be a significant function of category width per se. Generalizations regarding relationships between category width and field dependence remain inconclusive. (Author/CJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Missouri Valley Coll., Marshall.