ERIC Number: ED042055
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Going to Work: An Analysis of the Determinants and Consequences of Entry into the Labor Force.
Ornstein, Michael D.; Rossi, Peter H.
To trace the process whereby Americans enter the labor force, work and education histories were collected from a random sample of about 1,600 Americans, with blacks oversampled. The two variables examined most closely were race and social class. The level of entry into the labor force as measured by occupational prestige was found to be strongly affected by the race and educational attainment of the individual; for whites it was also affected by pre-entry work experience. Social class had little effect. When subsequent jobs were examined, the process of entry was shown to have a continuing and significant effect on occupational attainment; while the effect of educational attainment quickly diminished, that of previous jobs increased, particularly for blacks. Controlling for educational experience and family background status, blacks are clearly disadvantaged. They are successively worse off compared to whites at each stage of their occupational histories; the more schooling they receive, the greater the gap. These last findings are taken as evidence of institutional racism in the American labor market. (Author/BH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.