ERIC Number: ED041764
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Methods of Presenting Programed Science Materials to Fourth Grade Pupils of Varying Ability and Achievement, Final Report.
MacDougall, Mary Ann
The research reported in this project focuses on the effective development, evaluation and individualization of programed materials. The study involved three phases. Phase I was to determine which of four programing methods was most effective for the attainment of science achievement at three levels, knowledge, application, and relationship. Subjects were fourth and fifth grade students randomly assigned to the four treatments. Results indicated that the developmental presentations, Skinnerian and Ruleg, were more effective at the three achievement levels than the textual presentations. In phase II of the study, a flexible multi-variable computerized approach was developed to (1) determine the readability and (2) guide in the writing and revision of self-instructional materials. The definition and evaluation of three remedial branching conditions derived from the automated readability model was the focus of phase III. Forty-three fourth grade students were randomly assigned to the three treatments. A multi-variate analysis was used to evaluate the three treatments. Levels of achievement, error rate, time, intelligence, sex and experimental treatments were defined as predictor variables. Science achievement, at three conceptual levels, was defined as the criterion. The report contains also a reference section, a bibliography, and an appendix of data tables. (LC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Virginia Univ., Charlottesville.