ERIC Number: ED041637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Home Environment and Readiness for Achievement at School. Final Report.
Internal reinforcement control is defined as one's belief that his rewards or punishments are contingent upon his own behavior. This study tested two main hypotheses: (1) that inconsistency in the home environment interferes with the development of internal reinforcement control, and (2) that internal reinforcement control can be increased by special teacher efforts in the classroom, and by group discussions or counseling outside the class. A secondary hypothesis was that internal reinforcement control relates positively to school achievement. The hypotheses were tested in four separate studies using subject population samples of elementary school pupils and college freshmen and sophomores. The studies assessed relationships between family environment, intelligence, school achievement and teacher counseling. The findings partly supported the first hypothesis. Internal reinforcement control was related to home environment, with sex differences. For males, a supportive, consistent home related positively to internality. For females, a somewhat rejectant home seemed to force independence and development of internal control. The second hypothesis was supported by the finding that feelings of internal reinforcement control increased in both early graders and college students after special counseling. The secondary hypothesis was supported for early graders, but not for college students. (Author/NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Corning Community Coll., NY.