ERIC Number: ED041617
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jan-31
Reference Count: 0
Experimental Variation of Head Start Curricula: A Comparison of Current Approaches. (November 1, 1969-January 31, 1970).
Miller, Louise B.; And Others
This paper reports results of the first year of a 2-year comparative study of four curricula used for disadvantaged preschool children: Bereiter-Engelmann, DARCEE, Montessori, and Traditional (the official Head Start program). Details of the study design and procedures are contained in the abbreviated Annual Progress Report for 1968-1969 (PS 003 034). Treatment (program) dimensions were assessed by in-class monitoring of teachers and children using a time-sampling procedure, and by video-tape monitoring of teachers in their classrooms. Significant differences were found among the four curricula on a number of dimensions of behavior for both teachers and children, most of these differences being in predicted directions. Treatment effects were assessed by use of a variety of cognitive, social, motivational, perceptual, and achievement measures. Programs had significantly different effects on the children with respect to a number of variables measured, such as curiosity, initiative, arithmetic, and verbal participation. Preliminary regression analyses on the relationship between teaching techniques monitored in class and dependent variables have produced multiple R's between .229 and .419 and partial R's between - .293 and .307. No interpretation has been made, pending the inclusion of variables from the video-tape monitoring. (Author/NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Louisville Univ., KY.
Identifiers: Bereiter Engelmann Curriculum; Demonstration and Research Ctr Early Child Educ; Montessori Method; Project Head Start