ERIC Number: ED041616
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Three Intervention Programs with Disadvantaged Preschool Children. University of California Head Start Research and Evaluation Center. Final Report 1968-1969.
Edwards, Joseph; Stern, Carolyn
To aid in providing remediation for the language and cognitive skills of disadvantaged children, the UCLA Head Start Research and Evaluation Center compared three language programs: the UCLA Preschool Language Program, the Behavioral Research Laboratories' Readiness for Language Arts Program, and an unstructured Placebo Program. Each of the subjects, 163 4-year-old Head Start children, was randomly assigned by sex to one of the programs. A no-treatment Head Start group was used for control. Subjects were pre- and posttested on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, the Caldwell Preschool Inventory, the Gumpgookies, the Behavioral Research Laboratories #1, the Visual Discrimination Inventory, and the UCLA Early Childhood Language Tests for Four-Year-Olds. Experimental treatment extended over 24 weeks, 12 in each of 2 semesters. Testing results (104 subjects) revealed that the subjects in the two task-oriented structured language programs were superior in performance to both Placebo and Control groups. Although the UCLA and BRL programs differed in content, activities, and materials, results were similar. Afro-Americans did less well than Anglo- or Mexican-Americans, girls slightly better than boys, and subjects with experienced teachers did better than those with inexperienced teachers. Appendixes comprise four-fifths of this report. (MH/Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Head Start Evaluation and Research.
Identifiers: Placebo Control Program; Project Head Start; Readiness for Language Arts