ERIC Number: ED041463
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Second Thoughts on Programmed Learning: Developments in the Ideas and Applications of Programming, Including Computer Based Learning.
Leith, G. O. M.
Many programers still believe the method of programing recommended by B. F. Skinner and N. A. Crowder to be the only effective way to write a program. Recent research suggests, however, that this method may rest on faulty assumptions. The important points in programing seem to be defining behavioral objectives, analyzing the tasks necessary to accomplish the objective, providing an opportunity for feedback, and developing effective instructional materials and a stimulating environment. The use of programing techniques can also improve the quality of audiovisual aids and help in making the choice of media. Computers are valuable in programed instruction in many ways, most notably in their ability to adapt teaching materials and strategies of instruction to the needs of individual learners. Programers should take a look at the recent work of educational researchers and apply the findings to remedy the deficiencies of the older methods of programing. A reference list is appended. (JY)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Research, Programed Instruction, Programing
Councils and Education Press Ltd., 10 Queen Anne Street, London W. 1 England (4s, $.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council for Educational Technology, London (England).
Note: NCET Occasional Pper No. 1