ERIC Number: ED041413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Sep
Reference Count: 0
An Evaluation of a New Approach in Dealing with High School Underachievement. Final Report.
A study was undertaken to determine the degree and nature of expectancy of reinforcement in high school underachievers, and to evaluate a method for modifying the internal versus external expectancies which relate to motivation for achievement and attainment of success. A computer instructional program was used to impart immediate reinforcement for subject's responses, to show that his behavior, over which he has direct control, determines his success or failure. Underachievers were identified, and 16 were randomly assigned to a tutorial group, 16 to a study skill group, and 17 to the computer group for an eight-week period. It was found that sex and class level are important in determining the external expectancy tendency of underachievers. All three experimental approaches resulted in increased internality, without significant differences among the groups. Also, none of the approaches resulted in a significant change in grades earned by the underachievers. Rotter's internal-external (I-E) scale is included. (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Fairfield Univ., CT.
Identifiers: Rotter Internal External Locus of Control Scale