ERIC Number: ED041263
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Development of an Automatic Dialect Classification Test. Final Report.
These experiments investigated and described intra-subject, inter-subject, and inter-group variation in perception of synthetic vowels as well as the possibility that inter-group differences reflect dialect differences. Two tests were made covering the full phonetic range of English vowels. In two other tests subjects chose between one of two vowels, specifically the vowels in the contrasts bet/bat, cot/caught, and hat/hot. The tests were administered to 196 subjects from four dialect regions: Western New York, Virginia, Ontario (Canada), and Massachusetts. The data which resulted from the tests gave rise to the following conclusions: (1) There is ample evidence for the existence of dialectally determined variation in vowel preception. (2) Specific inter-group differences which seem clearly to correlate with dialect are the particular treatment of /a/ before /r/ by Massachusetts subjects, differences in perception of the contrast bet/bat, and differences in position of the phoneme boundaries /i/-/e/, /ae/-/a/, and /o/-/u/. (3) Certain results in the data, such as the contrast of cot/caught, cannot easily be explained by dialect differences. The report concludes with general observations on performance and reliability of tests of this type, possible applications of the tests to dialect study, and theoretical insights afforded by the study. (Author/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute of International Studies (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rochester Univ., NY.